Microstructure and Mechanical Properties of an Advanced Nickel-Based Superalloy in the as-HIP Form

This study evaluates the suitability of as-hot isostatically pressed (HIP) RR1000 for non-critical applications in aero-engine components. RR1000, an advanced powder nickel-based superalloy, was developed for disc rotor components in aero-engines. For these critical applications, the consolidated alloy powder particles are extruded to break down carbide and oxide networks, known as prior particle boundaries (PPBs), and to refine the structure into a fine grain size for isothermal forging. In this study, hot isostatically pressed compacts, made from two different powder particle size fractions have been assessed following heat treatments below and above the gamma prime solvus temperature. A microstructural evaluation shows a greater degree of PPB decoration occurs in the finer powder particle size fraction. Following a super-solvus heat treatment these PPBs pin grain boundaries of the fine powder particle size compacts, whilst the reduction of PPB decoration in coarse powder particle compacts allows significant grain growth. Tensile test results of as-HIP RR1000 show, good yield strengths, ultimate tensile strengths and ductility, which are comparable with extruded and isothermal forged RR1000 disc material. Dwell crack propagation tests show that finer powder particle size compacts, which have received a sub-solvus heat treatment, give the highest crack growth rates; whilst the remaining material conditions show markedly improved crack growth resistance. In conclusion, as-HIP RR1000 demonstrates clear potential for use in non-critical applications, employing either powder particle size fraction used in this study subject to the appropriate solution heat treatment.


J.R. May1, M.C. Hardy2, M.R.Bache1, D.D. Kaylor3

1. Materials Research Centre, School of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK
2. Rolls-Royce plc, PO Box 31, Moor Lane, Derby DE24 8BJ, UK
3. ATI Powder Metals, 1001 Robb Hill Road, Oakdale, Pennsylvania, 15071, USA

Advanced Materials Research, Vol. 278, pp. 265-270, 2011, doi:10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.278.265