Fatigue behaviour of geometric features subjected to laser shock peening: Experiments and modelling

Finite element models, using the eigenstrain approach, are described that predict the residual stress fields associated with laser shock peening (LSP) applied to aerospace grade aluminium alloys. The model was used to explain the results of laboratory fatigue experiments, containing different LSP patch geometries, supplementary stress raising features and different specimen thickness. It is shown that interactions between the LSP process and geometric features are the key to understanding the subsequent fatigue strength. Particularly relevant for engineering application, is the fact that not all instances of LSP application provided an improvement in fatigue performance. Although relatively deep surface compressive residual stresses are generated which can resist fatigue crack initiation in these regions, a balancing tensile stress will always exist and its location must be carefully considered


M. Achinthaa, D. Nowellb, D. Fufaric, E.E. Sackettd, M.R. Bached
a. Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, Southampton SO17 1BJ, UK
b. Dept. of Engineering Science, University of Oxford, Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3PJ, UK
c. NSDW Research & Technology Group, Airbus Deutschland GmbH, Hamburg, Germany
d. Institute of Structural Materials, College of Engineering, Swansea University, Singleton Park, Swansea SA2 8PP, UK

International Journal of Fatigue, Volume 62, May 2014, Pages 171–179