Thermo-mechanical fatigue (TMF) is an important factor for consideration when designing aero engine components due to recent gas turbine development, thus understanding failure mechanisms through crack growth testing is imperative. In the current work, a TMF crack growth testing method has been developed utilising induction heating and direct current potential drop techniques for polycrystalline nickel-based superalloys, such as RR1000. Results have shown that in-phase (IP) testing produces accelerated crack growth rates compared with out-of-phase (OOP) due to increased temperature at peak stress and therefore increased time dependent crack growth. The ordering of the crack growth rates is supported by detailed fractographic analysis which shows intergranular crack growth in IP test specimens, and transgranular crack growth in 90° OOP and 180°OOP tests. Isothermal tests have also been carried out for comparison of crack growth rates at the point of peak stress in the TMF cycles.
C.J. Pretty1, M.T. Whittaker1 and S.J. Williams2
1. College of Engineering, Swansea University, Swansea, SA2 8PP, United Kingdom
2. Rolls-Royce plc, Elton Road, Derby, DE24 8BJ, United Kingdom
Advanced Materials Research Vols. 891-892 (2014) pp 1302-1307